Facade decoration - a kind of artistic image of the house - consists of various architectural elements. Products are made of natural materials and polymer composites that are resistant to external aggressive influences. The decoration details of the exterior of the building are designed to provide an aesthetic component, while at the same time they impose certain functional loads.
Art stucco is made of gypsum, concrete and stone, but today are relevant in the design of the buildings composition of glass fiber concrete, polyurethane foam and polystyrene foam. It does not require reinforcement of the wall, preparation of the installation site or other additional manipulations.
The following types of architectural elements are especially popular.
Cylindrical pillars of marble, stone, wood, metal or polymer compositions. In the suburban house-building the facade polystyrene decor is most relevant. The modern design of facades with vertical architectural elements also includes semi-columns and pilasters, which conventionally depict a column.
It is located under the roof and / or between floors - the most common detail among the horizontal decoration options of the structure.
Fretwork, which is a product with an ornament, a relief image, often in the form of a flower - a skillful decoration for exclusive exteriors.
The picturesque image on the surface of the walls is created on the basis of the reinforced mesh and colored polymeric compositions, which ensures the stability of the finish to the effects of atmospheric manifestations.
The sculptural image on the wall plane is a decorative component of the facade of a private house, made of modern polymers.
Materials for production
In the design of the facade of a country house used decorative designs of various materials. Until recently, only plaster moldings, wooden, concrete and stone elements of architecture represented this niche. Today, the most popular among modern homeowners are polymeric elements of facade decor.
Polyurethane foam in exterior design
The material attracts excellent qualities:
- environmental friendliness - polyurethane moldings do not emit toxins even when heated to + 180 ° C inclusive;
- fire resistance;
- durability - is not deformed under the influence of the environment, the composition is resistant to UV;
- simplicity of fastening - is fixed on the base with the help of universal assemblies.
According to experts, the facade decor of polyurethane foam can last longer than the bearing elements of the building.
Original architectural forms of concrete
The material is valued for plasticity, is used in the creation of various architectural elements, but because of the massiveness of the products there are difficulties with installation. Today, the facade decor of concrete is rarely used, but innovative versions of building material are of great interest.
As for the drawbacks, the facade decor of fiber-reinforced concrete implies a more complex installation system than polyurethane foam elements. Also note:
- the mass of fiber-reinforced concrete decorations of buildings is greater than that of plastic models;
- the production of finishes requires the development of precise drawings.
The original stucco made of fiber-reinforced concrete is more expensive than the facade decor of polyurethane.
The main advantages of exterior decoration elements from modern composites are as follows:
- ease of a product, simple installation, durability;
- an exhaustive range of ready-made proposals, the possibility of promptly fulfilling orders for exclusive models of architectural facade elements.
In addition, innovative materials contribute to thermal insulation of the house: moldings, cornices and other decorative structures are used to close the cold bridges.
Gypsum stucco - a classic in the design of the facade
Gypsum - a material of natural origin - is successfully used in the arrangement of interiors and exteriors. The excellent plasticity of gypsum allows you to create complex architectural forms without much effort. Stucco molding from this material adorns urban buildings and country houses, helps to emphasize the style of architecture. Among the shortcomings of the decor of plaster, note the significant weight of the product, the high cost in comparison with analogues from modern materials.
Exterior decorations made of artificial stone are able to give the structure an expressive look with notes of aristocracy. Columns, bas-reliefs, balustrades and other architectural forms of this material are especially popular. Products are distinguished by high strength, resistance to atmospheric aggression, impressive aesthetic qualities. The cost of scenery from an artificial stone is several times lower than that of a natural fellow, but in terms of performance, the imitation stone successfully outperforms its original.
Features exterior design
To choose the right elements for the design of the facade, it is necessary to consider its architectural division. For low-rise buildings, horizontal segmentation is important. Eaves, friezes, architrav, moldings and other horizontally oriented design details are used. This creates the impression of monumentality and solidity of the structure.
A house of several floors is recommended to arrange columns, pilasters, vertical decorations. This contributes to the visual relief of the overall composition of the structure.
To make the house look original and stylish, you should use architectural forms from modern compositions. The decor of artistic stucco can transform the facade of any structure, emphasize its status, provide a presentable look, and also demonstrate the aesthetic preferences of the owner.