Linoleum is one of the most affordable flooring. The richness of colorings and types allows you to choose your favorite material for laying in bedrooms, corridors, kitchens. Its moisture-proof and wear-resistant properties are appreciated at its true worth, therefore, it is often in commercial premises that linoleum coatings are found. Why it is worth choosing this material, and how to correctly stack it?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of linoleum?
The advantages of this material include:
- A variety of color palette, allowing you to choose a coating that fits into the interior of the room.
- Easy care and preservation of the original appearance. It is enough just to clean the surface from dust, debris, then wipe with a damp cloth.
- Easy installation technology. Laying the power of even novice masters.
- Reasonable prices.
- Durability and durability.
With proper operation, the material will retain an attractive appearance for a long time, but what are the disadvantages of linoleum?
When purchasing linoleum coating, you should consider its disadvantages:
- accumulates an electrostatic charge, as a result of which dust is attracted to it;
- does not withstand strong pressure, deforms under the influence of weight, almost always dents from furniture legs remain on the surface;
- loses its properties under the influence of light, chemicals, temperature changes;
- subject to mechanical damage when in contact with sharp and cutting objects, for example, when walking in high heels.
Deciding to purchase linoleum, you should know how to choose it.
Before you put linoleum on a wooden floor should be familiar with its existing types. Modern market offers products made from:
- Natural materials. As the basis used oils, resins of plant origin. It has a high level of durability, an excellent option for decoration of those premises where people with reduced immunity live.
- PVC This coating is quite common in apartments: about 80% of the total product is manufactured on the basis of this component - polyvinyl chloride. It consists of fillers, dyes, solvents, plasticizers and other technological additives.
- Alkyd resin Glyphthalic linoleum has excellent heat and sound insulation characteristics, but more fragile and more prone to fracture.
- Nitrocellulose. Linoleum from the products of processing cellulose has excellent moisture-resistant properties, it is flexible and elastic.
- Rubber This rolled material is made of two layers, characterized by good elasticity and water resistance.
Depending on the application, laying linoleum on a wooden floor can be:
- Domestic. Used in residential areas, for example, in order to lay linoleum with your own hands on the floor in Khrushchev. The material is chosen with medium performance and low price. Often it is not covered with a protective layer or its thickness is not more than 0.3 mm.
- Semi-commercial. The material used has a stronger base and a practical top layer, it serves as a floor covering and in the residential sector, as well as in hotels, small offices.
- Commercial. It is used in commercial centers, as well as in other places with a high degree of passage.
Man has always strived for comfort, improved the technology of manufacturing floor coverings. Now there are many options that can be used in a house or apartment, but before installation you should pay attention to buying the right material. What recommendations should be used? So this:
- The choice depending on the type of room. The semi-commercial option is usually chosen for corridors, hallways, and kitchens. In the bedrooms or living rooms spread household linoleum.
- Width of sheets. It is the normal width that makes it possible to correctly place linoleum on a wooden floor, because it is much more difficult to lay two sheets than one.
- The thickness of the material. It is preferable to choose linoleum with a thickness of at least 3 mm.
Before you lay the linoleum on an uneven floor with your own hands you need to prepare the surface, it must be perfectly flat and smooth. Otherwise, the material will fall unevenly, and in place of the projections and tubercles, it will quickly wipe and damage.
To prevent the deformation of the floor covering, you need not only to know how to lay linoleum on a wooden floor, but also to take the surface preparation stage quite seriously.
The sheets are laid in brickwork, that is, with a shift to the floor of the sheet, we leave a 1 cm gap near the walls, which is then sealed with an insulating material. Sheets should be glued so that there are no gaps between them.
We apply PVA glue on the cleaned floor surface, to which we first add building plaster. The result should be a mixture of consistency of thick cream. For this purpose you can use mastic. Laying sheets, it is necessary to provide attachment to the floor: self-tapping screws are fixed every 15-20 cm. Further, various irregularities are leveled with a plane, and the resulting joints are covered with polystyrene foam.
After drying the plywood, it is treated with hot linseed oil or covered with a layer of quick-drying floor paint. After complete drying, you can produce linoleum flooring on a wooden floor.
For easier alignment some masters use self-leveling mixture. It is applied to dry surfaces treated with a primer for better adhesion.
It is very important after the end of each stage to remove the remaining debris, sawdust, for this you can use a vacuum cleaner. The surface is thoroughly washed and dried.
Before gluing linoleum to a wooden floor, you need to withstand the material at room temperature in the expanded form for a couple of days: it stretches, becomes smooth, and the bends and folds disappear.
If there are kinks on the surface of the material, put the boards of the book on them until the deformations are eliminated. If it was not possible to eliminate the deficiency, then it is better to replace this segment. Equally important is the humidity in the room where the work is done: it should be in the range of 40-60%.
How to lay linoleum in the apartment? For this, of course, should provide the right amount of flooring. The dimensions of the room are measured, the projections under the door and windows are taken into account. To the obtained measurements of the length and width of the room are added by 10 cm as a reserve. If you want to lay out the linoleum with a pattern, then you should provide a larger amount of stock.
We lay linoleum in the direction of the line of light, and, if there are joints, it is better to place them in the middle of the board.
There are several ways to properly lay the linoleum on a wooden floor. Depending on the situation and the size of the room, one of the following applies:
- Without the use of glue. This is the easiest and fastest way to independently lay the flooring in a room whose area does not exceed 12 square meters. It should be noted that in rooms with high permeability the material will wear out faster, waves can also form.
- Bonding with adhesive tape. The tape perfectly holds the coating, so you do not have to fix it with other compounds. Mounted double-sided adhesive tape around the perimeter of the room. Then the protective film is removed and, with careful movements, the edges of the material are alternately placed on the tape, to do this, you can bend the roll in half, and then fix the flooring in turn. Such laying will protect the material from wear, as its edges will be laid and fixed, however, after removing the linoleum, traces of adhesive tape will remain on the floor.
- Gluing with glue. Provides durability of the coating, can be used in large rooms, however, is the most difficult and time consuming.
The last option is the most practical, but how to properly implement our plans?
The algorithm for installing linoleum in one sheet includes a specific sequence of actions:
- The sheet is folded in half and placed on one half of the room.
- A layer of glue is applied to the floor surface with a brush or roller.
- After 15 minutes, the folded side of the sheet is fixed on the missed area, all the protuberances are carefully aligned.
- Not laid half overturns and traces of glue remaining on the floor are removed with a rag.
- Actions are repeated with the second half.
- The surface dries out during the day, then plinths are installed around the perimeter of the room.
As you can see, the procedure is quite simple, so even a novice master will cope with it.
Such laying is used if it was not possible to find the material of the required width, as well as to cover the floor surface in large rooms. The following actions are performed in stages:
- Sheets are overlapped, the width of the double-layer strips must be at least 10 cm.
- Unfolding the linoleum, you should carefully monitor the coincidence pattern.
- Sheets are attached to the base as in the previous case.
- Both layers are neatly cut in the middle of the overlap. It turns out the perfect mix of paintings.
- Joints are glued with glue or by cold welding. In order not to damage the edges of the material, they are covered with masking tape.
Linoleum is a practical flooring that is easy to install on your own. Perfect for those apartment owners who want to save money and get a pleasant and seemingly attractive surface.